Iran – Twin Peaks Alam Kuh + Damavand

20 Jul 19

Iran – Twin Peaks Alam Kuh + Damavand

Twin Peaks Challenge

It is possible to scale 2 or multi-peaks at one go in some destinations, given adequate time and preparation.  Our Twin Peaks Challenge put together scaling 2 peaks in one itinerary. These twin peaks are picked where the ground logistic can be easily arranged and the duration of the entire trip does not stretch too long.

Our Iran Twin Peaks Challenge is, in fact, a triple peaks itinerary, with climbing Lashgarak Peak for acclimatization before Alam Khu.

Mt Damavand (5610m) is the highest peak in Iran and Alam Kuh (4850m) is the second highest. Both mountains are part of the Alborz Mountain Range that is located in the north of Iran.

Mt Damavand, the most prominent feature of Iran, looming majestically near the southern coast of the Caspian, is well known for several reasons. It is not only the highest peak in Iran and the Middle East, but, also the highest volcano in Asia. The word "Damavand" means snow. Indeed, snow can be found on Mt Damavand, almost all year round, including in summer. A sub-active volcano, there are fumaroles that are still emitting steam and volcanic gases near the summit crater. An inescapable pungent sulfur smell from the steam and volcanic gases dominants a part of surrounding air, near the summit, and is often described as rotten-egg smell by climbers. In early summer, a large array of bright and colourful flowers, like the red-hot Tulipa Montana, blankets the lower terrain of Mt Damavand, giving a dramatic contrast to the barren or sometimes snow-covered peak.

"Alam" means some sort of object standing straight like a flag and "Kuh" means mountain. Alam Kuh, a very beautiful rocky mountain, is mainly made of tertiary intrusive rocks of granite and diorite. Part of the Takht-e Suleyman Massif, the mountain range is supported by permanent snow and glaciers with lots of peaks surrounding the main Alam Kuh peak. There are several routes with different level of difficulties suitable for technical training in the area. The southern slopes range tend to be dry and barren, the northern valleys leading to the Caspian Sea (which offer the best approaches to the mountains) are wet and lush with vegetation. Like Mt Davamand, Alam Kuh is covered with bright and colourful flowers during summer. Set in the lush green and stunning valley, Alam Kuh is without a doubt, a beautiful mountain to climb in summer.

About The Climb

We climb Alam Kuh first, followed by Mt Damavand. From Tehran, transfer to Vandarbon to stay a night at the federation camp. The next morning, transfer to Tange Galoo (the start point of Alam Khu) and take a short and easy trek (4 hours) to the base camp at Hesarchal (3400m). Hesarchal is a very huge, colorful and green flat ground, surrounded by high mountains on all sides. Day 2 of Alam Kuh trek is an acclimatization climb on scree terrain, and, possibly with some ice and snow, to the nearby beautiful glacial lake and Lashgarak Peak (4185m). The summit day is on Day 3. Spend another night at the base camp after the summit climb. Descend the same way from the base camp to Vandarbon on the last day of the Alam Kuh trek and transfer to Ramsar for a relaxing and recovery time near the Caspian Sea, before heading to Mt Damavand.

After Ramsar, transfer to Polour to stay at the federation camp for a night to prepare for the Mt Damavand climb (South Route). The climb begins with a drive from Polur to Goosfand-Sara (3250m) and a moderate uphill trek (5-7 hours) to the high camp at Barghahe-Sevom (4250m). The uphill terrain to the high camp can be filled with summer flowers. Nearer the high camp, there may be snow and ice conditions.

Mt Damavand summit climb is about 10 to 12 hours round trip. The first part of the climb is on loose scree terrain, followed by a steep ascend up some rocky sections, that require some scrambling. The final 500m is usually a mixture of loose scree, snow, ice and slush. The most challenging part of the summit climb is about 300m below the peak, known as “Doud Kouh” or sulphuric hill. The pungent smell of the sulphur can make the already difficult breathing at above 5000m even harder.  A huge ditch lies ahead after “Doud Kouh” and leads directly to the top of the summit. On a clear day, the view from the summit includes the green jungles in the north of Iran, the Caspian Sea, the city of Tehran, and the lake of Lar.  Part of the descend may be on a glacier  slope, that may require the use of snow cleats/crampons, depending on the snow level and conditions. The descend the same way from the high camp to Goosfand-Sara. After the descend, head back to the Federation Mountain Lodge in Polour for a quick wash up before driving back to Tehran.

Experience Required

Good to have above 4000m high altitude trekking experience. Climbing Alam Kuh and Mt Damavand in summer do not require technical skills. However, it is highly demanding on fitness, strength and endurance. It also requires steady footwork on loose scree, rock scrambling and ice and snow terrain. There may be a need to wear snow cleats/crampons on glacier slope, depending on the snow and ice conditions.

You will be climbing 2 peaks, mostly on vertical mountain terrain with a personal backpack load of 5-6kg for 4 to 8 hours each day. For summit day, be prepared to trek for 10 – 12 hours starting at pre-dawn and in extreme zub-zero temperature.

Equipment and Gear

You can wear a t-shirt and trekking pants during the approach trek. Thermal base layers, a fleece jacket and an outer shell jacket are required. When at the campsites and after sundown, a down jacket will help keep you warm. A  down sleeping bag is also needed.

Note: All female travelers who enter Iran MUST obey Islamic rules including Hijab or Islamic dress-code.

A packing list will be provided to all our participants. Please refer to our Resource Centre page to learn about the layering system and choose the right gear/equipment for your climb/trek.

Available Dates Price Qty*
28 Jul-9 Aug 2020 $2,450.00 (SGD)  / person  

* You can register up to 12 participants in one go.

Register Now

Group size: 6 - 16 people

5 people: $2680 per person

4 people: $3180 per person

You can also form a private group for this trek. For enquiry, send an email to us at

DayDescriptionMealsAltitude at Rest Point
Day 1Arrive in Tehran -/L/D1189m
Day 2Acclimatization Day. Sight-seeing tour in TehranB/L/D1189m
Day 3Transfer to Vandarbon B/L/D2250m
Day 4-7Transfer to Tange Galoo and trek to Hesarchal Base Camp to spend the next 3 days on Alam Khu (4850m). Summit day on Day 5. Day 6, descend same way down to Tange Galoo and transfer to RamsarB/L/DHesarchal-3400m
Day 8Transfer to Polour B/L/D3050m
Day 9-12Transfer to Goosfand-Sara (3250m) and trek to high camp at Barghahe Sevom. Spend the next 4 days on Mt Davamand (5610m). Summit day on Day 11. Day 12, descend same way down to Goosfand-Sara and transfer to Tehran.B/L/DBarghahe Sevom-4200m
Day 13Depart TehranB/-/--


  • Return airport transfer in Tehran
  • All land transfers as indicated in itinerary
  • Sight-seeing tour is Tehran as indicated in itinerary
  • Meals as indicated in itinerary
  • Twin/triple sharing accommodation in Tehran and in tents during trek
  • Camping Equipment: Sleeping tents, sleeping mats and dinning tents
  • Trek support: Mountain climbing guide(s) and porterage service using horses
  • 1 x Ace Adventure Expeditions trek leader
  • Permits & Fees : Trekking permit
  • Trekking insurance coverage within Iran – Emergency evacuation and medical expenses on injuries and illnesses
  • Entry Visa code


  • International air tickets, airline taxes and fuel surcharge
  • Entry Visa Fee
  • Single supplement
  • Meals not indicated in itinerary
  • All tipping
  • Personal porters
  • Personal travel insurance (mandatory to cover agent insolvency and travel to Iran)
  • Personal expenses like shopping, laundry etc
  • Personal travel & trekking gear – warm clothing, shoes, backpacks etc
  • Emergency evacuation and medical expenses outside Iran
  • Compensation for damaged or lost of personal items (eg: climbing/trekking gear and equipment, cameras and any valuable items etc)
  • Any expenses including accommodation, meals & transfer outside the stipulated trek/climb itinerary – i.e. any person leaving the group for personal travel, illness/injury or any form of extension of stay

Support from Ace Adventure Expeditions

We provide pre-trip support to prepare you for the trip:
1. Trip briefing and information kit
2. Gear list and gear discount from selected Singapore outdoor outfitters
3. Training guideline kit
4. Rope skill workshop (For climbs that require rope up and/or fixed rope skill)

We carefully select and establish strong working relationship with our local trek operator to ensure safe participation by everyone. Our local climbing guides are registered guides with Iran Mountaineering Federation. They have extensive experience in guiding treks in Iran, possess  intimate knowledge of the local surroundings, conditions and culture and are trained in technical mountaineering skills and emergency rescue.

Grading: 2C+

Training: Regardless of your level of fitness and physical conditions, it is advisable to train prior to embarking on a trekking or mountain climbing trip.

Pure cardiovascular fitness is NOT enough.

Focus your training effort in the following areas, assuming that you are in good health and injury-free:

  1. Climbing conditioning – stairs and load training.
  2. Cardio training - Jogging/running and interval training like CrossFit or HIIT.
  3. Strength training for the lower body, shoulder, back and core
  4.  Flexibility training - eg: Yoga and stretching exercises

A good four to five months of training would be a good preparation for this trek.

A recommended training guide specific to the trek or climb will be given to you upon signing up.

Refer to our Grading chart for an overview on the technical difficulty and fitness required for this trek.

Refer to our Training Guide for tips on trekking and mountain climbing training.